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All About Atherosclerosis



By Dr. Nishith Chandra, Cardiology

The squeezing and hardening of a artery walls due to board (a piece done adult of cholesterol, calcium, fats and other waste in a bloodstream) rave is called atherosclerosis. This routine of piece rave happens gradually, and puts a upsurge of blood during risk.

In fact, atherosclerosis is one of a many common reasons for strokes, heart attacks and other cardiovascular disorders.


The causes of atherosclerosis include:

  • High blood pressure
  • Smoking
  • High cholesterol
  • High levels of sugarine in blood

Areas of a artery that are shop-worn are expected to have board build adult that can eventually mangle open. When a board breaks open, blood dungeon fragments called thrombocytes (or platelets) amass during a influenced area. These fragments can afterwards hang together, combining blood clots.


The pointer and symptoms of atherosclerosis count on a arteries affected:

  • If plaques slight a arteries that supply oxygen-enriched blood to a heart (the coronary artery), a common sign might be chest pain, or angina. Other symptoms include:
  1. Shortness of breath
  2. Problems in a stroke of heartbeats
  • If a arteries promulgation blood to your mind (carotid artery) are affected, a symptoms include:
  1. Sudden weakness
  2. Unconsciousness
  3. Severe and remarkable headache
  4. Dizziness
  • If a arteries provision blood to pelvis, arms and legs (peripheral arteries) are affected, a symptoms might include:
  1. Numbness
  2. Pain
  • Renal arteries yield oxygenated blood to a kidneys. When they are affected, ongoing kidney illness develops and a symptoms include:
  1. Tiredness
  2. Infrequent urination
  3. Appetite loss
  4. Nausea
  5. Swollen limbs


The usually ways to provide board arrangement are lifestyle changes and medications:

  • Stop smoking and adopt a healthy lifestyle that means sportive daily for about an hour and progressing a correct diet.
  • Drugs to reduce cholesterol and high blood vigour levels are also taken to reduce a risk of heart attacks. If we wish to plead about any specific problem, we can deliberate a cardiologist and ask a giveaway question. 

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