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PCOS: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment


By Dr. Vandana Hegde, Gynaecology

PCOS, Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome is characterized by a arrangement of tiny cysts on a outsides of a lengthened ovaries. This is caused by a imbalance of hormones such as ‘estrogen’ and ‘progesterone’. PCOS generally affects a heart function, physique weight, menstrual cycle and a altogether appearance. The ovarian cysts lead to menstrual abnormalities and cramps and also revoke fertility. It includes symptoms such as menstrual cramps, strange periods, complicated flow, fatigue, nausea, etc. In certain cases, PCOS might also impact a lady in her mid-age.

Common Symptoms Include:

  1. Sudden weight benefit or weight loss problems.
  2. Acne.
  3. Excess hair on physique and face due to a drop in womanlike hormones.
  4. Irregularities in periods.
  5. Fertility problems.
  6. Depression.
  7. Reduction in distance of breasts.
  8. Hair fall.
  9. Pain in a pelvic region.

Apart from these symptoms, a lady might also knowledge other health complications such as high levels of bad cholesterol (LDL), high blood pressure and diabetes.


The tangible causes behind PCOS sojourn unknown. However, it is genetically shabby in many cases. Overproduction of a masculine hormone ‘androgen’ increases a risks of this condition. ‘Androgens’ are constructed in snippet amounts in a womanlike body. The overproduction causes serious menstrual abnormalities and formula in a growth of ovarian cysts.

Diagnosis and Treatment-

Once diagnosed, a sold is asked to cruise treatment. PCOS doesn’t indispensably have a sold cure. However, a symptoms can be mostly controlled. Medications are given on a basement of a means of a disease. If a means is a overproduction of androgens, drugs to guard a secretion of a hormone are administered. Physicians also advise a offset diet accompanied by exercises to control physique weight and sugarine levels. Often, PCOS leads to ovulation issues that can also be tranquil by specific drugs. If we wish to plead about any specific problem, we can consult a gynaecologist.

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